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<P align="justify">For a long time t … <P align="justify">For a long time the summer dress of the Saami, both males and females, included the long Lapp coat . Its name in North Saami is gákti. The word is a Scandinavian borrowing (cf. Swedish and Norwegian kofta knitted jacket; coat of a (folk) costume ), and forms of it are also found in South, Ume, Pite and Lule Saami meaning a Lapp coat . The word kähti exists in Inari Saami, but the meaning points to a rather later cultural stratum: it is used for a priest s frock coat.</p>
<P align="justify"> A Lapp coat is a closed, frock-like outer garment with long sleeves and a split below the neckline in front. Most commonly it is made of frieze or baize, traditionally (especially in Sweden) of dehaired tanned reindeer hide. A woman s garment may also be woollen.</p>
<P align="justify"> The design of the Lapp coat goes back to that of the mediaeval European peasant, which was adopted after it had proved its suitability for northern conditions. The Saami adapted the model by sewing extra pleats to widen the back hem and closing the upper part with baize decorations, which made it warmer. The form of the decorations also denote the area from which the wearer comes.</p>
<P align="justify"> The word gákti is closely connected with the broader history of clothing in Eurasia. The Swedish and Norwegian kofta is probably of the same origin as kaftan, a word now found in many languages and meaning a long, loose oriental garment, a cloak or priest s frock or habit. The word came to Europe from Turkish, which borrowed it from Farsi (Persian) via Arabic. </p><BR> <BR>
[[Table of contents: Etymology|Table of contents: Etymology]] <BR> <BR>
[[Table of contents: Living and household, clothing etc.| Table of contents: Living and household, clothing etc.]]<BR><BR>ehold, clothing etc.]]<BR><BR> +